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Environmental Evolution and Modern Processes

Approval Year: 2005
Leader: Yongjin Wang
Members: Yongjin Wang, Jian Wang, Zhenshang Liu, Zhiren Xie, Hao Yang, Guoxiang Wang, Hongyu Liu, Jiayi Xiao, Zhijun Zhao, Maoheng Zhang, Ye Chen, Qiang Shu, Xinggong Kong, Jiangying Wu, Shitao Chen, Linwang Yuan, Min Xu


Aiming at the national great demand: As a result of continued global warming, the regions in eastern China will be directly impacted by an increase in flood disasters, and the ports and coastal cities will be threatened by rising sea-level resulting in a severe imbalance between humans and nature. Our team has made significant progress in understanding the evolution and dynamics of the East Asian monsoon, water ecological restoration and evaluation and utilization of offshore environments.
Setting up a major scientific objective:

  1. the issue of long-term AM evolution and major environmental changes, i.e., the adjustment of land-sea configuration associated the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau in the Cenozoic era, the formation of Warm Pool in the western Pacific;
  2. Abrupt AM changes in the late Quaternary period and the dynamics involves. This study is instrumental in understanding the mechanism of global climate changes, and further predicting future climate changes.

Obtaining some marked achievements:

  1. Anchoring the timescale of abrupt AM events in the last glacial period
  2. Constructing a link between AM changes and solar activity in the Holocene epoch
  3. Environmental evolution and species evolution
  4. Developing the theory and method of long-term climate prediction
  5. Management and utilization of beach resources along the coast in Jiangsu Province

Operating mechanism and concept of our team:
An open mind and keen academic accomplishment of the team leader is a perquisite for project operation and forming a core academic direction by mutually beneficial discipline complementarity. In our team, each one can do his best by being closely united, thus forming an energetic, cohesive team. The college leaders give their overall support, coordinate work and daily life problems, and hence ensure the seamless implementation of this project.

Research Content

  • Abrupt changes and processes of Asian monsoon climates in the late Quaternary period
  • A 5-million-year record of Asian monsoon climate extracted from lake sediments in Subei Basin
  • Climatic modeling and ecological issues under modern Asian monsoon climates

Representative Achievements

  • Wang Yongjin, H. Cheng, R.L. Edwards, et al., Millennial- and orbital-scale changes in the East Asian monsoon over the past 224,000 years, Nature, 2008, 451, 1090-1093.
  • Cheng, H. Wang Yongjin et al. A penultimate glacial monsoon record from Hulu Cave and two phase glacial terminations. Geology, 2006 , 34, 217–220.
  • Liu HY, Lin ZS, Wen T ,Responses of metapopulation dynamics to two different kinds of habitat destruction caused by human activities, Plant ecology , 2007, 188, 53-65.
  • Lin Z. S. and S. G. Wang. EMD analysis of solar insolation. Meteorol Atmos Phys, 2006, 93: 123–128.
  • Lin Zhen-Shan,Sun Xian. Multi-scale analysis of global temperature changes and trend of a drop in temperature in the next 20 years. Meteorol Atmos Phys, 2007, 95, 115–121.
  • Zhenshan Lin,Huiyu Liu, How species diversity responds to different kinds of human-caused habitat destruction. Ecol Res,2006, 21, 100-106.
  • Guanjun Shen and Véronique Michel, Chronological position of modern Homo sapiens sites in China based on U-series dating, 2007, 111, 157-165.
  • Shen GJ, Gao B, Zhao JX,  Progress in dating modern Homo sapiens sites in China, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2006, 70, 580-580.
  • Guanjun Shen ; Wei Wang  et al., Mass spectrometric U-series dating of Laibin hominid sitein Guangxi southern China. Journal of Archaeological Science, 2007, 34, 2109- 2114.
  • Shen Guanjun, Xing Gao, Bin Gao & Darryl E. Granger. Age of Zhoukoudian Homo erectus determined with 26Al/10Be burial dating. NATURE 2009, Vol 458:198-200.
  • I Ren-Ying Yang Hao et al.,Fractionation of Heavy Metals in Sedimentsfrom Dianchi Lake China. Pedosphere, 2007, 17, 265-272.
  • Yun-Zeng Chen,Hao Yang et al.,    Application of Equilibrium Partitioning Approach to the Derivation of Sediment Quality Guidelines for Metalsin DianchiLa Pedosphere, 2007,17, 284-294.
  • Tang Xiang-Yu,Yang Hao et al.,Indentfication of 137Cs Reference Sites in Southeastern China, Pedosphere, 2006 , 16 , 2109-2114.
  • XIAO JiaYi, LÜ, HaiBo, ZHOU WeiJian, ZHAO ZhiJun &, HAO RuiHui. Evolution of vegetation and climate since the last glacial maximum recorded at Dahu peat site, South China. 2007, 50(8): 1209-1217.
  • Bai SB, Zhou PG, Wang J, et al. GIS-based Susceptibility Mapping with Comparisons of Results from Data-driven Bivariate Versus Logistic Regression in the Three Gorges Area,China Geomathematics and GIS Analysis of Resources,  Environment and Hazards,2007,163-165.
  • Wang J , G. Raisbeck ,Xu XB et al. In situ cosmogenic 10Be dating of the Quaternary glaciations in the southern Shaluli Mountain on the Southeastern Tibetan Plateau, Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 2006, 36, 706-712.
  • Chen Shitao; Wang Yongjin; Kong Xinggong,  et al. , A possible Younger Dryas-type event during Asian monsoonal Termination 3, Science in China(Series D:Earth Sciences),2006,49, 982-990.
  • Xia ZhiFeng, Kong XingGong, Jiang XiuYang Precise dating of East-Asian-Monsoon DO events during 95―56 ka BP,  Science in China Ser D, 2007, 50, 228-235.
  • Shao Xiaohua, Wang Yongjing Chen Hai et al. ,Long-term trend and abrupt events of the Holocene Asian monsoon inferred from a stalagmite δ 18O record from Shennongjia in Central China,  Chinese Science Bulletin    , 2006, 51, 221-228.
  • Wen Teng, Wang Guoxiang, Li Qiang.     Effects of Water Turbidity on the photosynthetic Characteristics of Myriophllum Spicatum L Asian Journal of Plant Science 2007, 6: 773-778.